CVE-2015-2349 – SuperWebMailer 5.50.0.01160 XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

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CVE-2015-2349 – SuperWebMailer 5.50.0.01160 XSS (Cross-site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities



Exploit Title: CVE-2015-2349 – SuperWebMailer /defaultnewsletter.php” HTMLForm Parameter XSS Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: SuperWebMailer

Vendor: SuperWebMailer

Vulnerable Versions: 5.*.0.* 4.*.0.*

Tested Version: 5.*.0.* 4.*.0.*

Advisory Publication: March 11, 2015

Latest Update: May 03, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2349

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Author and Creditor: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)








Information Details:



(1) Vendor & Product Description:



Vendor:

SuperWebMailer




Product & Vulnerable Versions:

SuperWebMailer

5.60.0.01190

5.50.0.01160

5.40.0.01145

5.30.0.01123

5.20.0.01113

5.10.0.00982

5.05.0.00970

5.02.0.00965

5.00.0.00962

4.50.0.00930

4.40.0.00917

4.31.0.00914

4.30.0.00907

4.20.0.00892

4.10.0.00875



Vendor URL & Download:

SuperWebMailer can be gained from here,

http://www.superwebmailer.de/




Product Introduction Overview:

“Super webmail is a web-based PHP Newsletter Software. The web-based PHP Newsletter Software Super webmail is the optimal solution for the implementation of a successful e-mail marketing.”


“To use the online PHP Newsletter Script is your own website / server with PHP 4 or newer, MySQL 3.23 or later and the execution of CronJobs required. Once installed, the online newsletter software Super webmail can be served directly in the browser. The PHP Newsletter Tool Super webmail can therefore be used platform-independent all operating systems such as Windows, Linux, Apple Macintosh, with Internet access worldwide. The PHP Newsletter Script allows you to manage your newsletter recipients including registration and deregistration from the newsletter mailing list by double-opt In, Double Opt-Out and automatic bounce management. Send online your personalized newsletter / e-mails in HTML and Text format with embedded images and attachments immediately in the browser or by CronJob script in the background immediately or at a later. With the integrated tracking function to monitor the success of the newsletter mailing, if thereby the openings of the newsletter and clicks on links in the newsletter graphically evaluated and presented. Put the integrated autoresponder to autorun absence messages or the receipt of e-mails to confirm.”


“It is now included CKEditor 4.4.7. An upgrade to the latest version is recommended as an in CKEditor 4.4.5 Vulnerability found. Super webmail from immediately contains new chart component for the statistics that do not need a flash and are therefore also represented on Apple devices. For the Newsletter tracking statistics is now an easy print version of the charts available that can be printed or saved with PDF printer driver installed in a PDF file. When viewing the e-mails in the mailing lists of the sender of the email is displayed in a column that sent the e-mail to the mailing list. For form creation for the newsletter subscription / cancellation are now available variant”






(2) Vulnerability Details:

SuperWebMailer web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.



Several other related products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. SuperWebMailer has patched some of them. FusionVM Vulnerability Management and Compliance provides sources for the latest info-sec news, tools, and advisories. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to web application vulnerabilities.


(2.1) The programming code flaw occurs at “&HTMLForm” parameter in “defaultnewsletter.php?” page.










Related Work:

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Mar/55

http://www.securityfocus.com/bid/73063

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/03/07/3

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1819

http://packetstormsecurity.com/files/131288/ECE-Projects-Cross-Site-Scripting.html

http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure&m=142551542201539&w=2

https://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2015030043

http://aibiyi.lofter.com/post/1cc9f4e9_6edf9bf

http://tetraph.tumblr.com/post/118764414962/canghaixiao-cve-2015-2349-superwebmailer

http://canghaixiao.tumblr.com/post/118764381217/cve-2015-2349-superwebmailer-5-50-0-01160-xss

http://essaybeans.lofter.com/post/1cc77d20_6edf28c

https://www.facebook.com/essaybeans/posts/561250300683107

https://twitter.com/essayjeans/status/598021595974602752

https://www.facebook.com/pcwebsecurities/posts/687478118064775

http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201541231655569/

https://plus.google.com/112682696109623633489/posts/djqcrDw5dQp

http://essayjeans.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2015-2349-superwebmailer-550001160.html

https://mathfas.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/cve-2015-2349-superwebmailer-5-50-0-01160-xss/

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/xss-vulnerability/cve-2015-2349-superwebmailer-5-50-0-01160-xss/

https://vulnerabilitypost.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/cve-2015-2349-superwebmailer-5-50-0-01160-xss/

http://aibiyi.blogspot.com/2015/05/cve-2015-2349-superwebmailer-550001160.html





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CVE-2015-2214 – NetCat CMS Full Path Disclosure (Information Disclosure) Web Security Vulnerabilities

theusgovernm

 

CVE-2015-2214 – NetCat CMS Full Path Disclosure (Information Disclosure) Web Security Vulnerabilities


 

Exploit Title: CVE-2015-2214 NetCat CMS Full Path Disclosure Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: NetCat CMS (Content Management System)

Vendor: NetCat

Vulnerable Versions: 5.01 3.12 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.1

Tested Version: 5.01 3.12

Advisory Publication: February 27, 2015

Latest Update: May 05, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Information Leak / Disclosure [CWE-200]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2214

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.0 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:N/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 10.0

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable

Access Complexity: Low

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information

Credit and Writer: Wang Jing [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)

 
 
 

Consultation Details:


 

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

NetCat


 

Product & Version:

NetCat

5.01 3.12 3.0 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.1


 

Vendor URL & Download:

NetCat can be accessed from here,

http://netcat.ru/


 

Product Introduction Overview:

NetCat.ru is russian local company. “NetCat designed to create an absolute majority of the types of sites: from simple “business card” with a minimum content to complex web-based systems, from corporate offices to online stores, libraries or media data – in other words, projects completely different directions and at any level of complexity. View examples of sites running on NetCat CMS can be in a special section.”


“Manage the site on the basis of NetCat can even inexperienced user, because it does not require knowledge of Internet technologies, programming and markup languages. NetCat constantly improving, adds new features. In the process of finalizing necessarily take into account the wishes of our partners and clients, as well as trends in Internet development. More than 2,000 studios and private web developers have chosen for their projects is NetCat, and in 2013 sites, successfully working on our CMS, created more than 18,000.”


“We give a discount on any edition NetCat

We try to help our partners to enter into a close-knit team. To reduce your expenses on the development of a new system, we provide special conditions for the acquisition of commercial licenses NetCat, for a partner is assigned a permanent discount of 40%, which according to the results of further sales could be increased to 60%.”


“Teach your developers work with the secrets NetCat

In addition to the detailed documentation and video tutorials to new partners we offer a unique free service – direct contact with the developer from the team NetCat, which will help in the development of product development tools.”


“We give customers

Once you develop the three sites NetCat information about you appear in our ranking developers. This means that you not only begin to receive direct requests from clients but also become a member of tenders conducted by customers. In addition, if the partner is really good work, employees NetCat begin recommending it to clients requesting assistance in the choice of contractor.”


“We will help in the promotion of

The company is a regular participant NetCat large number of forums, seminars and conferences. We are happy to organize together with partners involved, help with advertising materials and share information for the report.”


“Confirmed its status in the eyes of customers

We have a very flexible system of certification of partners: we do not give certificates for the sale of licenses and for the developed sites. So, for example, to obtain a certificate “Development of corporate websites’ to add to your personal account three implementation of the appropriate type.”

 
 

(2) Vulnerability Details:

NetCat web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by information leakage attacks – Full Path Disclosure (FPD). This may allow a remote attacker to disclose the software’s installation path. While such information is relatively low risk, it is often useful in carrying out additional, more focused attacks.


Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. Netcat has patched some of them. FusionVM Vulnerability Management and Compliance provides sources for the latest info-sec news, tools, and advisories. It has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to important vulnerabilities.

 

(2.1) The first programming code flaw occurs at “&redirect_url” parameter in “netshop/post.php?” page.

 
 
 
 
 

References:

http://tetraph.com/security/full-path-disclosure-vulnerability/netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure-information-disclosure-security-vulnerabilities/

http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2015/02/netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure.html

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Mar/8

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01740.html

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1645

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/03/02/6

http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure&m=142527117510514&w=2

http://marc.info/?l=full-disclosure&m=142527117510514&w=4

https://itinfotechnology.wordpress.com/2015/02/25/netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure-information-disclosure-security-vulnerabilities/

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/information-leakage-vulnerability/cve-2015-2214-netcat-cms-full-path-disclosure-information-disclosure-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://essayjeans.blog.163.com/blog/static/2371730742015411113047382/

http://www.weibo.com/1644370627/ChjMoA9hD?type=comment#_rnd1431315096193

http://homehut.lofter.com/post/1d226c81_6eae13a

 

CVE-2015-2066 – DLGuard SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Web-Security-Choosing-The-Security

 

CVE-2015-2066 – DLGuard SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Exploit Title: CVE-2015-2066 DLGuard /index.php c parameter SQL Injection Web Security Vulnerabilities

Product: DLGuard

Vendor: DLGuard

Vulnerable Versions: v4.5

Tested Version: v4.5

Advisory Publication: February 18, 2015

Latest Update: May 01, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Improper Neutralization of Special Elements used in an SQL Command (‘SQL Injection’) [CWE-89]

CVE Reference: CVE-2015-2066

CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 7.5 (HIGH) (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 6.4

Exploitability Subscore: 10.0

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable

Access Complexity: Low

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized disclosure of information; Allows unauthorized modification; Allows disruption of service

Writer and Reporter: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)





Caution Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description:

Vendor:

DLGuard

Product & Version:

DLGuard

v4.5

Vendor URL & Download:

DLGuard can be downloaded from here,

http://www.dlguard.com/dlginfo/index.php

Product Introduction Overview:

“DLGuard is a powerful, yet easy to use script that you simply upload to your website and then rest assured that your internet business is not only safe, but also much easier to manage, automating the tasks you just don’t have the time for.”

“DLGuard supports the three types, or methods, of sale on the internet:

<1>Single item sales (including bonus products!)

<2>Multiple item sales

<3>Membership websites”

“DLGuard is fully integrated with: PayPal, ClickBank, 2Checkout, Authorize.Net, WorldPay, AlertPay, Ebay, PayDotCom, E-Gold, 1ShoppingCart, Click2Sell, Mal’s E-Commerce, LinkPoint, PagSeguro, CCBill, CommerseGate, DigiResults, FastSpring, JVZoo, MultiSafePay, Paypal Digital Goods, Plimus, RevenueWire/SafeCart, SWReg, WSO Pro, and even tracks your free product downloads. The DLGuard built-in Shopping Cart offers Paypal, Authorize.net, and 2Checkout payment options. The Membership areas allow Paypal, Clickbank, 2Checkout, and LinkPoint recurring billing as well as linking to any PayPal, ClickBank, 2Checkout, Authorize.Net, WorldPay, AlertPay, Ebay, PayDotCom, E-Gold, 1ShoppingCart, E-Bullion, LinkPoint, PagSeguro, CCBill, CommerseGate, DigiResults, FastSpring, JVZoo, MultiSafePay, Paypal Digital Goods, Plimus, RevenueWire/SafeCart, SWReg, WSO Pro single sale and free products so that people who buy your products can access your members area. DLGuard is the perfect solution to secure your single sale item, such as a niche marketing website, software sales, ebook sales, and more! DLGuard not only protects your download page, but it makes setting up new products, or making changes to existing products so much quicker and easier than before.”


(2) Vulnerability Details:

DLGuard web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by SQL Injection attacks. This may allow an attacker to inject or manipulate SQL queries in the back-end database, allowing for the manipulation or disclosure of arbitrary data.

Several similar products vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. DLguard has patched some of them. The MITRE Corporation is a not-for-profit company that operates multiple federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs), which provide innovative, practical solutions for some of our nation’s most critical challenges in defense and intelligence, aviation, civil systems, homeland security, the judiciary, healthcare, and cybersecurity. It has phase, votes, comments and proposed details related to important vulnerabilities.

(2.1) The bug programming flaw vulnerability occurs at “&c” parameter in “index.php?” page.

 
 

References:

http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2015/Feb/69

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01703.html

https://progressive-comp.com/?a=139222176300014&r=1&w=1%E2%80%8B

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1607

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/18/6

http://marc.info/?a=139222176300014&r=1&w=4

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/sql-injection-vulnerability/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/sql-injection-vulnerability/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://diebiyi.com/articles/%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8/sql-injection-vulnerability/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

https://plus.google.com/u/0/107140622279666498863/posts/44pDNaZao8v

https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/2015/05/11/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://shellmantis.tumblr.com/post/118658089031/inzeed-cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection#notes

http://xingzhehong.lofter.com/post/1cfd0db2_6ea8323

http://russiapost.blogspot.ru/2015/05/cve-2015-2066-dlguard-sql-injection-web.html

https://www.facebook.com/computersecurities/posts/375386899314769

http://blog.163.com/greensun_2006/blog/static/11122112201541193421290/

https://twitter.com/tetraphibious/status/597577800023838720

http://www.weibo.com/3973471553/Chj5OFIPk?from=page_1005053973471553_profile&wvr=6&mod=weibotime&type=comment#_rnd1431308778074

 

CVE-2014-9562 OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS) XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities

vulnerability_scan_436x270

 

CVE-2014-9562 OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS) XSS (Cross-Site Scripting) Web Security Vulnerabilities


Exploit Title:  OptimalSite CMS /display_dialog.php image Parameter XSS Web Security Vulnerability

Vendor: OptimalSite

Product: OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS)

Vulnerable Versions: V.1 V2.4

Tested Version: V.1 V2.4

Advisory Publication: January 24, 2015

Latest Update: January 31, 2015

Vulnerability Type: Cross-Site Scripting [CWE-79]

CVE Reference: CVE-2014-9562

Impact CVSS Severity (version 2.0):

CVSS v2 Base Score: 4.3 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:P/A:N) (legend)

Impact Subscore: 2.9

Exploitability Subscore: 8.6

CVSS Version 2 Metrics:

Access Vector: Network exploitable; Victim must voluntarily interact with attack mechanism

Access Complexity: Medium

Authentication: Not required to exploit

Impact Type: Allows unauthorized modification

Credit: Jing Wang [School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore] (@justqdjing)





Suggestion Details:

(1) Vendor & Product Description

Vendor:

OptimalSite


Product & Version:

OptimalSite Content Management System (CMS)

V.1

V2.4


Vendor URL & Download:

The product can be obtained from here,

http://www.optimalsite.com/en/


Product Description Overview:

“Content management system OptimalSite is an online software package that enables the management of information published on a website. OptimalSite consists of the system core and integrated modules, which allow expanding website possibilities and functionality. You may select a set of modules that suits your needs best.


Website page structure

Website page structure is presented in a tree structure similar to Windows Explorer, so that several page levels can be created for each item on the menu.  The website’s structure itself can be easily edited: you can create new website pages, delete unnecessary ones, and temporarily disable individual pages.


Website languages

OptimalSite may be used to create a website in different languages, the number of which is not limited. Different information may be presented in each separate language and the structure of pages in each language may also differ.


WYSIWYG (What You See Is What You Get) text editor

Using this universal text editor makes posting and replacing information on the website effortless.   Even a minimum knowledge of MS Word and MS Excel will make it easy to use the tools of WYSIWYG text editor and implement your ideas.


Search function in the system

By using search function system’s administrator is able to find any information that is published in administrative environment. It is possible to execute a search in the whole system and in separate its’ modules as well.


Recycle bin function

System administrator is able to delete useless data.  All deleted data is stored in recycle bin, so administrator can restore information anytime. “




(2) Vulnerability Details:

OptimalSite web application has a computer security bug problem. It can be exploited by stored XSS attacks. This may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server.

Several other the similar product 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. OptinalSite has patched some of them. “Openwall software releases and other related files are also available from the Openwall file archive and its mirrors. You are encouraged to use the mirrors, but be sure to verify the signatures on software you download. The more experienced users and software developers may use our CVSweb server to browse through the source code for most pieces of Openwall software along with revision history information for each source file. We publish articles, make presentations, and offer professional services.” Openwall has published suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS vulnerabilities.


(2.1) The code programming flaw occurs at “&image” parameter in “display_dialog.php” page.






References:

http://www.tetraph.com/blog/xss-vulnerability/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content-management-system-cms-xss-cross-site-scripting-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://www.inzeed.com/kaleidoscope/xss-vulnerability/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content-management-system-cms-xss-cross-site-scripting-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://diebiyi.com/articles/%E5%AE%89%E5%85%A8/xss-vulnerability/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content-management-system-cms-xss-cross-site-scripting-web-security-vulnerabilities/

https://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2014-9562

http://cve.mitre.org/cgi-bin/cvename.cgi?name=CVE-2014-9562

https://www.mail-archive.com/fulldisclosure%40seclists.org/msg01646.html

http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2015/02/02/3

http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?a=139222176300014&r=1&w=2

http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1546

https://redysnowfox.wordpress.com/2015/05/10/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content-management-system-cms-xss-cross-site-scripting-web-security-vulnerabilities/

http://japanbroad.blogspot.sg/2015/05/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content.html

http://tetraph.blog.163.com/blog/static/234603051201541082835108/

https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=1025716320801705&id=922151957824809

https://twitter.com/yangziyou/status/597377123976785920

http://www.weibo.com/5337321538/ChdW1skbf?ref=home&rid=0_0_1_2666499023890563989&type=comment#_rnd1431261523301

https://plus.google.com/110001022997295385049/posts/7rNn4ynjzRP

http://itsecurity.lofter.com/post/1cfbf9e7_6e96648

http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/118602594462/cve-2014-9562-optimalsite-content-management

Yahoo and Yahoo Japan May be Vulnerable to Spams

vulnerability_scan_436x270

Yahoo and Yahoo Japan May be Vulnerable to Spams

Student security researcher Jing Wang from School of Physical and Mathematical Science at Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, has found new security vulnerabilities related to Yahoo.

After reporting several Open Redirect vulnerabilities to Yahoo. Yahoo’s responses were “It is working as designed”. It seems that Yahoo do not take the vulnerabilities seriously at all.

Based on Wang’s report on Full Disclosure “Multiple Open Redirect vulnerabilities were reported Yahoo. All Yahoo’s responses were “this intended behavior”. However, these vulnerabilities were patched later.”

The vulnerability of Yahoo occurs at “ard.yahoo.com” page. While the vulnerability of Yahoo Japan happens at sensitive page “http://order.store.yahoo.co.jp&#8221;.

Proof of concept on YouTube were also released to illustrate exploits. 

(1)Yahoo Open Redirect

(2)Yahoo Japan Open Redirect

In fact, Yahoo’s users were attacked based on redirection this year. Base on CNET on January 4, 2014, “Yahoo.com visitors over the last few days may have been served with malware via the Yahoo ad network, according to Fox IT, a security firm in the Netherlands. Users visiting pages with the malicious ads were redirected to sites armed with code that exploits vulnerabilities in Java and installs a variety of different malware. ” 

Wang wrote that the attack could work without a user being logged in. And his tests were using Firefox (33.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (10.0.9200.16521) in Windows 8.

Redirect can ensure a good user experience. However, if it is not properly provided. Attackers can use this to trick users. This is common in Phishing attacks and Spams.

On 21 December, 2014. Yahoo.com’s Alexa ranking is 4. While Yahoo.co.jp’s Alexa ranking is 17. Both of them are very popular around the world. From Wikipedia, “Yahoo during July 2013 surpassed Google on the number of United States visitors to its Web sites for the first time since May 2011, set at 196 million United States visitors, having increased by 21 percent in a year.” 

Open redirect is listed in OWASP top 10. The general consensus of it is “avoiding such flaws is extremely important, as they are a favorite target of phishers trying to gain the user’s trust.”

CNN Travel.cnn.com XSS and Ads.cnn.com Open Redirect Web Security Vulnerabilities

new-type-of-phishing-attack-goes-after-your-browser-tabs-86b683f537

 

CNN Travel.cnn.com XSS and Ads.cnn.com Open Redirect Web Security Vulnerabilities

 

Domain:
http://cnn.com

 

“The Cable News Network (CNN) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the Turner Broadcasting System division of Time Warner. The 24-hour cable news channel was founded in 1980 by American media proprietor Ted Turner. Upon its launch, CNN was the first television channel to provide 24-hour news coverage, and was the first all-news television channel in the United States. While the news channel has numerous affiliates, CNN primarily broadcasts from the Time Warner Center in New York City, and studios in Washington, D.C. and Los Angeles, its headquarters at the CNN Center in Atlanta is only used for weekend programming. CNN is sometimes referred to as CNN/U.S. to distinguish the American channel from its international sister network, CNN International. As of August 2010, CNN is available in over 100 million U.S. households. Broadcast coverage of the U.S. channel extends to over 890,000 American hotel rooms, as well as carriage on cable and satellite providers throughout Canada. Globally, CNN programming airs through CNN International, which can be seen by viewers in over 212 countries and territories. As of February 2015, CNN is available to approximately 96,289,000 cable, satellite and, telco television households (82.7% of households with at least one television set) in the United States.” (Wikipedia)

 

Discovered and Reported by:
Jing Wang, Division of Mathematical Sciences (MAS), School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences (SPMS), Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore. (@justqdjing)
http://www.tetraph.com/wangjing/

 

 

Vulnerability Description:
CNN has a cyber security bug problem. It cab be exploited by XSS (Cross Site Scripting) and Open Redirect (Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards) attacks.

 

Based on news published, CNN users were hacked based on both Open Redirect and XSS vulnerabilities.

 

According to E Hacker News on June 06, 2013, (@BreakTheSec) came across a diet spam campaign that leverages the open redirect vulnerability in one of the top News organization CNN.

 

After the attack, CNN takes measures to detect Open Redirect vulnerabilities. The measure is quite good during the tests. Almost no links are vulnerable to Open Redirect attack on CNN’s website, now. It takes long time to find a new Open Redirect vulnerability that is un-patched on its website.

 

CNN.com was hacked by Open Redirect in 2013. While the XSS attacks happened in 2007.

 

 

<1> “The tweet apparently shows cyber criminals managed to leverage the open redirect security flaw in the CNN to redirect twitter users to the Diet spam websites.”

 

cnn_open_redirect_complain_meitu_1

Figure from ehackingnews.com

 

At the same time, the cybercriminals have also leveraged a similar vulnerability in a Yahoo domain to trick users into thinking that the links point to a trusted website.

 

Several other similar products 0-day vulnerabilities have been found by some other bug hunter researchers before. CNN has patched some of them. BugTraq is a full disclosure moderated mailing list for the *detailed* discussion and announcement of computer security vulnerabilities: what they are, how to exploit them, and how to fix them. The below things be posted to the Bugtraq list: (a) Information on computer or network related security vulnerabilities (UNIX, Windows NT, or any other). (b) Exploit programs, scripts or detailed processes about the above. (c) Patches, workarounds, fixes. (d) Announcements, advisories or warnings. (e) Ideas, future plans or current works dealing with computer/network security. (f) Information material regarding vendor contacts and procedures. (g) Individual experiences in dealing with above vendors or security organizations. (h) Incident advisories or informational reporting. (i) New or updated security tools. A large number of the fllowing web securities have been published here, Buffer overflow, HTTP Response Splitting (CRLF), CMD Injection, SQL injection, Phishing, Cross-site scripting, CSRF, Cyber-attack, Unvalidated Redirects and Forwards, Information Leakage, Denial of Service, File Inclusion, Weak Encryption, Privilege Escalation, Directory Traversal, HTML Injection, Spam. It also publishes suggestions, advisories, solutions details related to XSS and URL Redirection vulnerabilities and cyber intelligence recommendations.

 

 

(1) CNN (cnn.com) Travel-City Related Links XSS (cross site scripting) Web Security Bugs

 

Domain:
travel.cnn.com/

 

Vulnerability Description:
The programming bug flaws occur at “/city/all” pages. All links under this URL are vulnerable to XSS attacks, e.g

 

XSS may allow a remote attacker to create a specially crafted request that would execute arbitrary script code in a user’s browser session within the trust relationship between their browser and the server. Base on Acunetix, exploited XSS is commonly used to achieve the following malicious results

  • Identity theft
  • Accessing sensitive or restricted information
  • Gaining free access to otherwise paid for content
  • Spying on user’s web browsing habits
  • Altering browser functionality
  • Public defamation of an individual or corporation
  • Web application defacement
  • Denial of Service attacks

 

The code programming flaw can be exploited without user login. Tests were performed on Firefox (34.0) in Ubuntu (14.04) and IE (9.0.15) in Windows 7.

 

cnn_travel_xss

 

PoC:

http://travel.cnn.com/city/all/all/tokyo/all‘ /”><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

http://travel.cnn.com/city/all/all/bangkok/all‘ /”><img src=x onerror=prompt(/justqdjing/)>

 

 

(2) CNN cnn.com ADS Open Redirect Web Security Bug

 

Domain:
ads.cnn.com

 

Vulnerability Description:
The programming code flaw occurs at “event.ng” page with “&Redirect” parameter, i.e.

 

From OWASP, an open redirect is an application that takes a parameter and redirects a user to the parameter value without any validation. This vulnerability is used in phishing attacks to get users to visit malicious sites without realizing it. This could allow a user to create a specially crafted URL, that if clicked, would redirect a victim from the intended legitimate web site to an arbitrary web site of the attacker’s choosing. Such attacks are useful as the crafted URL initially appear to be a web page of a trusted site. This could be leveraged to direct an unsuspecting user to a web page containing attacks that target client side software such as a web browser or document rendering programs.

 

The vulnerabilities can be attacked without user login. Tests were performed on Microsoft IE (10.0.9200.16750) of Windows 8, Mozilla Firefox (34.0) & Google Chromium 39.0.2171.65-0 ubuntu0.14.04.1.1064 (64-bit) of Ubuntu (14.04),Apple Safari 6.1.6 of Mac OS X Lion 10.7.

 

(2.1) Use the following tests to illustrate the scenario painted above.

 

The redirected webpage address is “http://webcabinet.tumblr.com/“. Suppose that this webpage is malicious.

 

Vulnerable URL:

 

POC:

 

Since CNN is well-known worldwide, this vulnerability can be used to do “Covert Redirect” attacks to other websites.

 

Those vulnerabilities were reported to CNN in early July by Contact from Here. But they are still not been patched yet.
http://edition.cnn.com/feedback/#cnn_FBKCNN_com

 

 

 

 

More Details:
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Dec/128
http://lists.openwall.net/full-disclosure/2014/12/29/6
http://permalink.gmane.org/gmane.comp.security.fulldisclosure/1395
http://static-173-79-223-25.washdc.fios.verizon.net/?l=full-disclosure
http://securitypost.tumblr.com/post/107868680057/ithut-cnn-cnn-com-travel
http://ittechnology.lofter.com/post/1cfbf60d_5500df0
http://ithut.tumblr.com/post/120833062743/cnn-xss-url-redirection-bug
http://www.tetraph.com/blog/it-news/cnn-xss-url-redirect-bug/
https://biyiniao.wordpress.com/2015/01/08/cnn-xss-open-redirect-bug/
http://whitehatpost.blog.163.com/blog/static/24223205420155613753998/
https://plus.google.com/u/0/+wangfeiblackcookie/posts/bFkukxiUfXK
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=674936469318135
http://tetraph.blogspot.com/2015/06/cnn-xss-redirect-bug.html
http://diebiyi.com/articles/news/cnn-xss-url-redirect-bug/
https://twitter.com/yangziyou/status/607060937309159425
https://redysnowfox.wordpress.com/2014/12/31/cnn-xss-url-redirect-bug/
https://www.facebook.com/permalink.php?story_fbid=1043534509019886
http://whitehatpost.lofter.com/post/1cc773c8_7338196
http://securityrelated.blogspot.com/2014/12/cnn-cnncom-travel-xss-and

CVE-2014-8754 WordPress “Ad-Manager Plugin” Dest Redirect Privilege Escalation Security Vulnerability

CVE-2014-8754 WordPress “Ad-Manager Plugin” Dest Redirect Privilege Escalation Security Vulnerability




Exploit Title: WordPress Ad-Manager Plugin Dest Redirect Privilege Escalation Vulnerability
Product: WordPress Ad-Manager Plugin
Vendor: CodeCanyon
Vulnerable Versions: 1.1.2
Tested Version: 1.1.2
Advisory Publication: Nov 25, 2014
Latest Update: Nov 25, 2014
Vulnerability Type: URL Redirection to Untrusted Site  [CWE-601]
CVE Reference: CVE-2014-8754
CVSS v2 Base Score: 5.8 (MEDIUM) (AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:N) (legend)
Impact Subscore: 4.9
Exploitability Subscore: 8.6
Credit: Wang Jing [SPMS, Nanyang Technological University (NTU), Singapore]

Advisory Details

(1) Product:
“WordPress Ad-Manager offers users a simple solution to implement advertising into their posts, their blog or any other WordPress page. Users can use pictures and images or HTML snippets like Google AdSense to incorporate advertising in an easy way.”

(2) Vulnerability Details:
The Dest Redirect Privilege Escalation vulnerability occurs at “track-click.php” page with “&out” parameter.

References:
http://tetraph.com/security/cves/cve-2014-8754-wordpress-ad-manager-plugin-dest-redirect-privilege-escalation/
https://www.marshut.net/ksvthm/cve-2014-8754-wordpress-ad-manager-plugin-dest-redirect-privilege-escalation.html
http://www.cnnvd.org.cn/vulnerability/show/cv_id/2014110533
http://seclists.org/fulldisclosure/2014/Nov/93
http://www.osvdb.org/creditees/12822-wang-jing
http://mathswift.blogspot.com/2014/12/cve-2014-8754-wordpress-ad-manager.html
http://cxsecurity.com/issue/WLB-2014120003
http://www.cnvd.org.cn/flaw/show/CNVD-2014-08598